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Bibliography Guide

What is a bibliography?

A bibliography is a list of books, magazines, interviews, web sites, etc that you have used to research a topic.
Why are we beginning to change the name of bibliography to "Works Cited"?
Biblio is "book" in Latin. Biblioteca is "library" in Spanish. When people do their research in books, they call it a bibliography. Nowadays, we use many electronic sources for research so the name is changing to "Works Cited".
Why do I need to make a bibliography?
A bibliography gives credit to the person(s) and/or source that you got your information from. Research is the process of reading the ideas and facts that another person published. It is fair and right to acknowledge their work in your bibliography.

When do I create the bibliography?

You keep track of what sources you used in your notes. You may keep track on your note cards. You might want to keep track on a Bibliography Form (click here to get one). Either way, make sure you know what information you got from what source, in case you need to know later.
Where does the bibliography fit in my research paper?
It goes at the end of the report on a separate piece of paper, unless your teacher tells you otherwise.

How do I make a bibliography?

This Sample Bibliography shows what a finished bibliography looks like.

  • Each bibliography entry is called a citation
  • Double-space the lines in the bibliography.
  • Begin the first line of a citation on the left margin. Any additional lines should be indented five spaces or one-half inch.
  • Underline the titles of books, films, magazines, web site titles, etc.
  • Use parenthesis (" ") around the titles of articles or short works that appear in longer ones; for instance magazine articles within a magazine, poem titles in a poetry book and titles of encyclopedia articles.